6 Biggest Dams in Pakistan
ByFaisal Chughtai –
Pakistan is a land of natural resources. From the mountains to the plains, this country has it all. The Himalayas are home to many rare species of plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Pakistan offers everything, whether you're looking for luxuriant bottle green pastures, enormous highland collections, or majestic dams. The country of Pakistan is home to various lovely highland collections, secret day tripper families and people, incredible Damn places, and some of the world's most leading and fascinating inheritance sites, amongst other things.
When it comes to holiday destinations, Pakistan continues to be a fantastic choice in every aspect. In recent years, the nation-state has also been recognized as the world's most popular tourist destination for the year 2020, owing to its great potential appeal and potential. Pakistan has around 150 dams that stretch from corner to corner and over the whole country's outlying territories. These dams not only serve as a source of electrical energy and a water supply, but they also serve as picturesque holiday destinations for the people who live nearby.
Dams serve various functions, including flood control, regular liquid regeneration, hydroelectric energy production, and water supply. They are typically built on waterways and rivers to ensure that they serve various functions in the future. In Pakistan, there are around 150 dams. Pakistan is revered because it is home to the Tarbela Dam, the world's largest filling-the-earth Dam, and is the tallest structure on the planet. According to instructive research, the total number of dams in Pakistan is 150, with each Dam measuring 15 meters in height and 49 feet.
The primary reason for dam construction is to control overflows of water, store liquid, generate electrical energy via hydroelectricity, and provide a benefit to the local population. These dams are often built on watercourses, such as streams, and may be very large. While most Pakistani dams are located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the most significant number of walls are concentrated in Punjab. The majority of Dams were built between 1960 and 1975. Because of the rapid construction of dams in Pakistan, the country has been awarded the distinction of having the most common earth-filled Dam in the world, which is known as the Tarbela Dam.
Dams in Pakistan
Pakistan is a country with many rivers and dams. Dams in Pakistan are used to control floods, provide water for irrigation, generate hydroelectric power, and provide an important source of income through fishing. The dams in Pakistan are so big and robust that they can hold up against the strongest storms. They supply water to the people living in Pakistan while also providing electricity. The following is a list of Pakistan's five most significant dams:
Pakistan has many dams, but the most famous is Tarbela Dam in North-West Pakistan. It's one of the largest earth-filled dams globally, and it provides electricity to about 30% of Pakistan's population. According to official records, the Dam's construction began in 1968 and was completed in 1976. Tarbela Dam was built 143 designs beyond the waterway strap and had a holding capacity of 11.1 million gallons of water. It is claimed that the Dam's full height range is 1550 feet.
When it comes to electricity production, the Dam is equipped with seventeen seawater turbines that are solely dedicated to the building of hydroelectric power plants. The Tarbela Dam can generate 4888 Megawatts of energy for electricity production, accounting for about 70% of all hydroelectric electrical power output.
The Warsak Hydroelectric Power Plant is being renovated, according to the French Development Agency AFD. Warsak Dam is still one of the biggest dams in Pakistan and holds the title of being Pakistan's largest Dam. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Dam is located on the Kabul River in the northwest of the city of Peshawar, which serves as the regional town seat. WARSAK DAM has completed the two most essential phases of construction. The primary section was finished in 1960, and the subsequent phase was constructed between 1980 and 1981, bringing the total number of completed segments to three.
Additionally, the entire elevation is around 250 feet, with a length and width of 460 feet, respectively. The construction of the Warsak Dam cost a total of 156 million rupees, which was divided into two parts. In addition, the Warsak Dam Hydropower Development has the possibility of generating 243 MW of electrical energy, which is a significant amount.
Pakistan's WAPDA was positive in June 2012 that it would boost a three hundred megawatt driving force to Warsak, which would be required to answer the issue of increasing Warsak's total electrical energy generation potential to 525 megawatts. Currently, the management is focused on restoring the Dam to deal with the larger than usual obligations placed on the general population. The German government is reportedly planning to offer Pakistan a mortgage of forty million euros to help reintegrate the hydroelectric authority of the Warsak dam-building issue, which was put together many decades ago on the Kabul River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
DIAMER BHASHA DAM
Although this Dam is the most important of its kind, most of it is located in the Pakistani province of KPK, with a small fraction located in the Gilgit-Baltistan province of Diamer. This Dam is the most substantial of its kind. The Dam's output is currently below average, and it is expected to reach its maximum capacity after completion. It is expected to be Pakistan's largest Dam in the future. It is a new dam in Pakistan that has just been completed.
Diamer bhasha dam remains in the process of being constructed on the Indus River. It is anticipated that the Bhasha dam will have the capacity to generate 4800 Megawatts of electrical energy when it is completed. The Dam will feature twelve turbines. Furthermore, with a land area of 110 km2, it has a rainwater storage capacity of around eight million gallons per day. According to the officials, this Dam has the potential to bring about financial progress in Pakistan. It will increase the longevity of the Tarbela dam by 35 years, which is a proportional increase in its lifespan.
General Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan's former president and prime minister proposed a concept for constructing the Diamer Bhasha Dam in the country. Even though the Dam was officially dedicated, the structure has been choked multiple times due to a lack of available resources. However, according to various industry experts, the total cost of this 4500 MW electrical energy-generating dam construction might range between $12 billion and $20 billion at its inception.
The projected Dam will have a maximum height of 270 rhythms, and it will also have a storage capacity of roughly seventy-four million acre-feet, which will need a driving system.
The Kalabagh Dam has been proposed as an electricity-generating Dam in the Mianwali Region of Punjab, Pakistan, and it is now under construction. This Block still exists in Kalabagh, on the banks of the Indus River. When fully built, the Dam of Kalabagh has the potential to generate up to 3600 MW of electrical energy. The most significant advantage of a dam, on the other hand, is clean water supply. Additionally, the construction of the Kalabagh Dam continues to be a source of contention in Pakistan today. When it comes to power generation, the Dam is equipped with fifteen seawater turbines that are solely dedicated to producing hydroelectric energy.
Regarding electrical power production, the Kala Bagh dam can generate 4222 Megawatts of energy, which is about 60% of all hydroelectric electrical power output. The primary reason for dam construction is to control overflows of water, store liquid, generate electrical energy via hydroelectricity, and provide a benefit to the local population. These dams are often built on watercourses, such as streams, and may be very large.
It is located on the banks of the river Hub. With the designation of Hub Dam, Hub Dam will continue to be an artificial liquid lake. This Dam is located on the Balochistan and Sindh countryside border in Lasbela and Karachi, about 56 kilometers away from Karachi, on the edge of Balochistan and Sindh countryside.
It has an 8000-meter storage capacity that is not very advanced. On the other side, this resulted in the construction of the Barrier, which is now the third most common Dam in Pakistan. Taking the supposition, This Dam continues to serve for the use of liquids in the city of Karachi to this day.
The area around the Dam was designated as a Natural World National Park by the Sindh Direction in 1974. The total land area of the National park is about 27219 hectares. This national park continues to be the most satisfying section of the country for feeding and nesting Chucks, Gumboots, Pelicans, and Winches. The Hub Dam was designated the Ramsar Site on May 1, 2001.
In addition, this Dam is a well-known tourist attraction in the area. While on the other side, many people from Karachi go to this location during their holidays to enjoy spinning, picnicking, and fishing opportunities. In addition, WAPDA has built a leisure house for tourists.
The Mangla Dam, Pakistan's second-largest Dam, was built with tremendous thought and consideration. It is located in the South Waziristan Organization of Federally Managed Tribal Zones. In the year 2011, it started functioning.
It stands in the Mirpur area of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. According to official records, the construction of the Mangla Dam began in 1961, and it was finished in 1967. Most of the Dam's primary responsibilities are flood control, irrigation, and the creation of water-powered electricity, among other things.
Approximately 163,000 acres of infertile land living in the Reservoir region and Tehsil Kulachi in Dera Ismail Khan will be used by the mangla Dam. The Dam has an undeveloped storage capacity of 1,140,000 acre-feet and a sixty-kilometer-long first inland waterway.
Dams are used to store water and control the flow of rivers. The earliest dams were built by people living in Mesopotamia around 5,000 years ago.
Dams have been a part of human civilization for thousands of years, and they are still an essential part of our society today. Dams provide power, irrigation, drinking water, recreation, and flood protection.
The dams of Pakistan are a vital part of the country's infrastructure. These dams provide water to crops and serve as a source of electricity and irrigation.